The evolution of captivity
by, 05-29-2011 at 12:13 PM (1294 Views)
Incarceration, a remnent from the foreign intrusion.
Render the black male as being no longer an asset to the community or family.
This article only scratches the surface of the effects of criminal justice, incarceration and the imbalance of power. Unseen are the indirect results on communities and families by the criminal justice policies, which make incarceration a prosperous industry. While the United States congress aggressivly injected into the crimminal justice system(The War On Drugs.) The invisible powers behind invisible punishement, the birth of harsher sentencing policies over the past 30years which deny ex-offenders applications to student loans, access public housing, illegal immigrants deported for decade-old convictions even when a sentence has been served, the reality is a man's conviction attaches to him like his own shadow.
Punishment for original offenses not enough, a debt to society is never paid. A paralell from another era in time saw convicts sent to fare away lands known as (exile) or (the mark of cain.) The paradox of public support for punishment are new wave collateral consequences for those convicted>social exclusion, along with increased prosecutorial power even politically impulsed punishments. Our only defence limiting the reaches of invisible punishments.
Politics and incarceration
Over the many years politics had put it's hooks into the waters of the justice system.
Playing with the emotional "hook" that convinces people to accept the "get tough" policy. Which in fact became appealing to people who had fears and anxiety of being victimized-physically,emotionally-spiritually and economically hurt.
Political campaigns fueled by this seized the public imagination.
Would these policies serve as a powerful way to strike back?
This thought process gave birth to division producing endless varieties of us-vs-them.
Separated are the concerns for what happens to prisoners but not to abandon concern for those who have been hurt or victimized.
Human rights become conditional.
During the 1980's Ronald Reagan deployed racial codes to gather white support in the south, he stoked the fires of fear/of ranpant urban crime and crafted stories of irresposible welfare queens to stereotype African-American and solidify white support.
George H. W. Bush- Used Wille Horton to defeat Mike Dukakis by implying that Demograts would be soft on crime, allowing black men to murder white women, this was a 20th century lynching narrative and it was effective.
In an analysis of prisons in the United States socialogist have done counts that prove more men of color are incarcerated than are enrolled in public Universities in the United States.
Race and class have long been embedded in the working of the U.S. criminal justice system. Race and class are the most powerful determinents for who is most likely to be arrested, charged, tried and convicted of crimes.
Someone once pointed out to me, as we talked "he said" If you push and pull a whole lot you can reach almost any conclusion you want about what you can actually charge a person with... And thats's the whole ballgame. You can call the same act by several names and each one brings about a different result in prison time.
So he began by saying today you have the creation of a new market in which the profits are dependent upon the imprisonment, control and containment of human bodies. He began to explain how the 1980's came in with the creation of new privatized prison construction run by management firms. This came with corporate involvement in the prison industry.
The prison industry began to yeild stats that showed ,the highest rate of incarceration in the world was in the United States.
People of color held the highest numbers of being incarcerated.
Increasing numbers of incarcerated women.
Criminalization of immigrants.
Higher rates of incarcerated youth.
Systemic and violent racism, misogyny and homophobia.
Abuses of human, constitutional and, civil rights. Temporary to permanent disenfrnchisement of millions of voters, most of who were people of color.
Jails and prisons used to warehouse people with mental illness.
Imprisonment of women
The unintended victims of mass imprisonment?
Before the 1970's women offenders in theory were largely invisible, not penned in by criminolgist because prison's design was constructed to control and discipline unruly and dangerous men.
The explosion in female incarceration is fueled by convictions for nonviolent crimes carrying mandatory sentences.
While still the number of females in prison is far less than the number of males, since 1980 the rate of increase in women prisoners has been far greater-nearly double the rate of increase in male prisons.
The number of women in state and federal prisons has increased from 12,300 1980 to 103,000. in 2004 and maybe upwards to this day.
38% of female prisoners are African-American: 17% are latina and about 2/3 of incarcerated femalels are women of color with and averaage age of 29, more than half have not finished high school.
Being a women in prison can be a terrifing experience.
Rape and sexual assault of women, by guards is common in U.S. prisons and jails, with frequent retaliation by officials for those who complain.
Prison host and epidemic of infectious diseases.
We can't begin to look the other way on such behaviors that people are sent to jail with-such as injecting drugs, sex work and violence- those risky behaviors often times lead to greater risk of infection with blood-borne or sexually transmitted diseases,
Homosexual sex, drugs and violence are illegal in a correctional facility. even though, in some institutions condoms or latex barriers are considered contraband.
Are there social inequalities-most notably, racism and a series of ill-advised and unjust policies are what seem to point out chief ingredients for epidemics of infectious diseases, that have claimed the lives of scores of prisoners. (and a number of wardens).
Several of the worst outbreaks of Tuberculosis (documented) in the United States in recent decades have their roots in prisons & jails most known New York City- in the late 1980's within prisons and jails spreading in time to hospitals and homeless shelters and beyond.
Medical neglect and mistreatment
In United States prisons and jails many of the prisoners have lacked the access to adequate health care for much of their lives.
Many poor people enter prisons and jails with health that is already compromised. Moreover "get tough" sentencing is producing and aging prison population, who could also return infected with disease.
One of every 23 inmates in prison today is age 55 or older, an 85% increase since 1985 U.S. prisons are not equipped to address the health care needs of incarcerated elders, including hospice care for those who are dying. Inadequate treatments, isolation, and the inability to make health care decisions are commonplace.
Many prisoners face many functional obstacles in attempts to access even minimal treatment and care for chronic dibilitating, and potenially life-threatening conditions such as diabetes, liver cirrhosis, HIV/AIDS may be targeted for harrassment discrimination and, degrading treatment.
It is not unsusual to segregate prisoners with HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis C and other serious conditions, while also denying them access to appropriate medications, combination therapies and advanced diagnostic testing.
And we have not spoken a word about reform or rehabilitation?
More will be revealed?
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