[nomedia]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1YrbVQJRumg&feature=share[/nomedia]



Chemical Warfare


Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the
toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons to kill, injure, or incapacitate an enemy.


NOTE: {*Enemy alien}


..."In law, an enemy alien is a citizen of "a country" which is in a state of conflict with the land in which he or she is located.
Usually, but not always, the countries are in a
state of declared war".


also see "Nativism (politics)"


This type of warfare is distinct from the use of conventional weapons or nuclear weapons because the destructive effects of chemical weapons are not primarily due to their explosive force.

The earliest target of chemical warfare agent research was not toxicity, but development of agents that can affect a target through the skin and clothing, rendering protective
gas masks useless.

In July 1917, the Germans employed mustard gas; Penetrates leather and fabric to inflict painful burns on the skin.

In early 1942, Zyklon B (*insecticide) had been selected by the Nazi Regime during the Holocaust. The chemical claimed the lives of roughly 1.2 million people.

In 1980 a group of French scientists accidentally synthesized a molecule that chemically resembles the hormone progesterone (Norgestrel). This molecule has a unique ability to bond the progesterone receptor cells and block their normal activity. The result of the molecule's activity is to block the hormone progesterone, vital to maintaining a pregnancy. The Drug was not invented with the goal of terminating pregnancy, however by the time it was synthesized there was the demand for a new and simplified abortion technique. In 1988 the after extensive testing the French government accepted "Mifepristone" for public use .The drug is now commonly known as "RU 486", the name assigned by the inventor Rousell-Uclaf, a division of the chemical company Hoechst AG. (*note it's now labeled as "Levonorgestrel or Plan B").


Chemical warfare agents are divided into lethal and incapacitating categories. A substance is classified as incapacitating if less than 1/100 of the lethal dose causes incapacitation, e.g., through nausea or visual problems.


from "Chemical Warfare agents: Thimerosal and Neomycin sulfate a.k.a "Flu shots"

Persistency


One way to classify chemical warfare agents is according to their persistency, a measure of the length of time that a chemical agent remains effective after dissemination. Chemical agents are classified as persistent or nonpersistent.

Note: Depending on the type, a single IUD is approved for 5 to 10 years, and trials have demonstrated the copper T 380A to be effective for at least 12 years.
Intrauterine device Health risk: Intrauterine device - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Agents classified as nonpersistent lose effectiveness after only a few minutes or hours.


Apart from the agent used, the delivery mode is very important. To achieve a nonpersistent deployment, the agent is dispersed into very small droplets comparable with the mist produced by an aerosol can. In this form not only the gaseous part of the agent (around 50%) but also the fine aerosol can be inhaled or taken up by the skin.

Modern doctrine requires very high concentrations almost instantly in order to be effective (one breath should contain a lethal dose of the agent).

Persistent agents tend to remain in the environment for as long as several weeks, complicating decontamination. Defense against persistent agents requires shielding for extended periods of time. Non-volatile liquid agents, such as blister agents and the oily VX nerve agent, do not easily evaporate into a gas, and therefore present primarily a contact hazard.



Pharmaceutical pollution in the Nation’s rivers and streams


A number of scientific studies, (in addition to The USGS national study) have found Prozac and other pharmaceutical drugs in 80 percent of the Nation’s streams, with mixtures of the chemicals occurring at 75 percent of the sites; even in the drinking water in some places. A federal agency's survey of 95 chemicals in U.S. rivers and streams has unveiled what the survey's leader calls "a real cocktail of various compounds."

The chemicals studied included antibiotics, pharmaceuticals, human and veterinary drugs, hormones, detergents, disinfectants, insecticides, fire retardants, prescription drugs, pesticides, other organic wastewater compounds, and household chemicals; such as "detergents and fragrances".

The USGS conducted a national study of emerging contaminants that included sites in the Bay watershed and the Nation. (Kolpin and others, 2002).



"The drugs are reaching the enviroment in various ways. People often flush expired uneeded medication down the toilet, and traces of medication linger in human waste. Sewage treatment plants cannot filter out the drugs completely, and they are released with treated wasted back into the enviroment." Toxic Bibliography



NOTE: USGS is a acronym for U.S. Geological Survey



During the study, samples were analyzed for 95 different emerging contaminants. The most common groups detected were steroids, nonprescription drugs, and insect repellent. Only 14 compounds have human or ecological health criteria, and measured levels rarely exceeded any of the standards or criteria. However, little is known about the majority of the compounds or their mixtures. The chemicals found most frequently were steroids (from plant and animal sources), caffeine, and components of insect repellent.



The median concentration detected for each group of chemicals was always less than 1.0 [micro] g/L, but some individual samples were much higher.

The maximum reading for detergent metabolites substances produced by metabolism or by a metabolic process.

Mentioned in: Interactions was 55.6 steroids reached a peak of 18.3 [micro] g/L, and plasticizers plasticizers

mostly triaryl phosphates, such as tricresyl, triphenyl phosphates, which are poisonous. See also triorthocresyl phosphate. topped out at 17.4 [micro] g/L.



While little is known about the environmental health effects of many of the chemicals, 46 are known to be pharmacologically active, and 33 are known to be hormonally active.

"That's a particular concern", to Rebecca Goldburg, a senior scientist with the advocacy organization Environmental Defense, because she says, "Such substances can have a biologic impact at very low doses".



Levonorgestrel usage

Oral contraception

At low doses, levonorgestrel is used in monophasic and triphasic formulations of combined oral contraceptive pills, with available monophasic doses ranging from 100-250 µg, and triphasic doses of 50 µg/75 µg/125 µg.

At very low daily dose of 30 µg, levonorgestrel is used in some progestogen only pill formulations.



NOTE: Norgestrel

Norgestrel is a progestin used in hormonal contraceptives. Norgestrel is a mixture of two stereoisomers, dextro-norgestrel (CAS# 797-64-8) and levo-norgestrel (CAS# 797-63-7). Only levonorgestrel is biologically active. Therefore, while some medications may contain dextronorgestrel, they are often labeled in terms of their levonorgestrel content only, ignoring the inert isomer.



Chemistry

Chemically, it is a hormonally active levorotatory enantiomer of the racemic mixturenorgestrel. It is a gonane progestin derived from 19-nortestosterone.


Its in vitro relative binding affinities at human steroid hormone receptors are: 323% that of progesterone at the progesterone receptor, 58% that of testosterone at the androgen receptor, 17% that of aldosterone at the mineralocorticoid receptor, 7.5% that of cortisol at the glucocorticoid receptor, and <0.02% that of estradiol at the estrogen receptor.


In vitro

A procedure performed in vitro (Latin: within the glass) is performed not in a living organism but in a controlled environment, such as in a test tube or Petri dish. Many experiments in cellular biology are conducted outside of organisms or cells; because the test conditions may not correspond to the conditions inside of the organism, this may lead to results that do not correspond to the situation that arises in a living organism. Consequently, such experimental results are often annotated with in vitro, in contradistinction with in vivo.



NOTE: Why are there women recieving 300% chemical pesticide Norgestrel, and 58% principal male sex hormone *Testosterone over Estradiol; the predominant sex hormone present in females?




Video: Prozac in the Drinking Water! - Nutrition by Natalie

[nomedia]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k16i4q_58ew"][COLOR=#999999]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k16i4q_58ew[/COLO[/nomedia]




Classes of chemical weapon agent


Nerve

Some insecticides Inactivates enzyme acetylcholinesterase, preventing the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the victim's synapses and causing both muscarinic and nicotinic effects.

There are other chemicals used militarily that are not scheduled by the Chemical Weapons Convention, and thus are not controlled under the CWC treaties. These include:

  • Defoliants that destroy vegetation, but are not immediately toxic to human beings . (See Lockheed Martin and U.S Airforce test Perchlorate on human subjects; Perchlorate in food supply).



  • Toxins produced by living organisms are considered chemical weapons, although the boundary is blurry.
"Scientists warn that the chemical, known as perchlorate, could cause thyroid deficiency in more than 2.2 million women of childbearing age". As a new analysis of data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control indicates that a toxic chemical in rocket fuel has severely contaminated the nation's food and water supply (read the Environmental Working Group. This thyroid deficiency could damage the fetus of pregnant women, if left untreated. Perchlorate, the explosive ingredient in solid rocket fuel, has leaked from military bases and defense and aerospace contractors' plants in at least 22 states, contaminating drinking water for millions of Americans.



Toxins are covered by the Biological Weapons Convention.




Pesticide

A pesticide is a substance or mixture of substances used to kill a pest. A pesticide is any substance or mixture of substance intended for preventing, or destroying, any pest.

A pesticide may be:

  • a chemical substance,
  • biological agent (such as a virus or bacteria),
  • antimicrobial,
  • disinfectant
  • or device used against any pest.
Potential toxicity to humans and other animals outweights the benefits of pesticides.

Pesticides are chemicals and other agents (e.g.beneficial micro-organisms) that are used to control or protect other organisms from pests.

Pest

A pest is an organism, usually an insect, which has characteristics that are regarded by humans as injurious or unwanted.

Pests are termed as people, animals, or organisms that destroy property", spread or are a vector for disease or cause a nuisance

The related term vermin has much overlap with pest, but generally only includes those creatures that are seen to be vectors of diseases.



Examples:

Vermin- applied to various animal species regarded as pests or nuisances and especially to those associated with the carrying of disease. Since the term is defined in relation to human activities, which species are included will vary from area to area and even person to person. The term itself derives from the Latin vermis, meaning worm, and originally had reference to the vermiform larvae of certain insects, many of which infest foodstuffs.

Scope of meanings

Disease-carrying rodents and insects , small predators — on the basis that they exist out of balance with a human-defined (desired) environment, where they are normally accused of consuming excessive resources (such as feeding on crops, from a farmer's point of view).

The term is also used as an extremely pejorative characterization of a particular class or group of people as inferior and subhuman, and often considered social parasites. Based on a perception that the target group's views are "disease-like", or that such groups exist out of sociological balance with the common society.



Subhuman - Untermensch also see *Taxonomic rank

Untermensch (German for under man, sub-man, sub-human; plural: Untermenschen) is a term from Nazi racial ideology used to describe "inferior people", especially "the masses from the East," that is*African-Germans, Jews, Gypsies, Poles , along with other Slavic people like the Russians, Serbs, Ukrainians and anyone else who was not an "Aryan" according to the contemporary Nazi race terminology. The German word Mensch literally means human.





Early Mercury use

As early as 1497 mercury was being advocated by at least two physicians, Johannes Widmann and Corradino Gilino, and in 1498 the first major book on syphillis was written by Francisco Lopez de Villalobos.

He recognized the venereal mode of transmission and described the skin manifestations and later complications of syphilis. He also deduced the idea of "treatment with mercury" from a study of the old Arabic literature.

This is an excerpt taken from "Syphilis a synopsis U.S Dept. of Health, Ed. and Rec." 1968 (pg.2) ...~written 4 years before the Tuskegee story broke on July 25, 1972. The study immediately stopped.

(*The U.S Government knew, from what they wrote in 1968, that Mercury was ineffective 511 years ago). see "Oslo Study" {below}




The Tuskegee syphilis experiment and Mercury



..."Vonderlehr confessed in a letter to Clark,
"It is my desire to keep the main purpose of the work
from the negroes in the country and to continue their interest in treatment." Medical Aparheid pg.163


The Tuskegee syphilis experiment (also known as the Tuskegee syphilis study or Public Health Service syphilis study) was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama, by the U.S. Public Health Service

NOTE: Established by legislation in 1889, The U.S Public Heath Service, ( which later became The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) ), governs the regulations of the Nuremberg Codes and the related Declaration of Helsinki . Both are the basis for the Code of Federal Regulations Title 45 Volume 46, which are the regulations issued by the United States Department of Health and Human Services governing federally funded research in the United States.

It was estimated that of the 1,400 patients in Macon County admitted to treatment under the Rosenwald Fund, not one had received the full course of medication prescribed as standard therapy for syphilis. The PHS officials decided that these men could be considered untreated because they had not received enough treatment to cure them.

Investigators recruited 623 men impoverished African-American sharecroppers with syphilis , who were eventually enrolled in it (both as experimental and as control subjects) for research related to the natural progression of the untreated disease, in hopes of justifying treatment programs for blacks.

*Syphilis was frequently treated with mercuric chloride during the Tuskegee Experiements; a component found in what you know as Thimerosal.


The 40-year study was controversial for reasons related to ethical standards, primarily because researchers failed to treat patients appropriately after the 1940s validation of penicillin as an effective cure for the disease. Revelation of study failures led to major changes in U.S. law and regulation on the protection of participants in clinical studies. Now studies require informed consent, communication of diagnosis, and accurate reporting of test results.


When the study began in 1932, standard medical treatments for syphilis were toxic, dangerous, and of questionable effectiveness. Researchers wanted to understand each stage of the disease in hopes of developing suitable treatments for each; untreated.

By 1947 penicillin had become the standard treatment for syphilis. Choices might have included treating all syphilitic subjects and closing the study, or splitting off a control group for testing with penicillin.

Instead, the Tuskegee scientists continued the study, withholding penicillin and information about it from the patients. In addition, scientists prevented participants from accessing syphilis treatment programs available to others in the area. The study continued, under numerous supervisors, until 1972, when a leak to the press resulted in its termination.


The Tuskegee Syphilis Study, cited as "arguably the most infamous biomedical research study in U.S. history,"led to:

NOTE: The Nuremberg Codes of August 19, 1947 is a set of research ethics principles for human experimentation set as a result of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials at the end of the Second World War. It remains a landmark document on medical ethics, which already confronted the difficult question of "illegal human experimentation"...














Dr. John R. Heller


Dr. Heller was Dr. Vonderlehr's assistant in charge of on-site medical operations in the Tuskegee Study for many years before he succeeded Vonderlehr as director of the venereal disease section of PHS (1943-48). Heller's leadership coincides with the years when penicillin was introduced as routine treatment for syphilis in PHS clinics, and when the Nuremberg Code to protect the rights of research subjects was formulated. Heller was alive when the study was brought to public attention in 1972, and he stoutly defended the ethics of the study and claimed that he saw no association whatever between the unethical experiments performed by the Nazis and the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.




see Video: The Origin of Aids



"First reports of mass vacination in the Ruzizi Valley appear in Congo papers in early March 1958 with 150,000 under vaccination. Two further reports published in Bukavu and Usumbura in the first half of April reveals vaccinations larger than the Ruzizi Vally. The vaccination was now said to have involved "all those populations on the plain bordering the norhtern part of Lake Tanganyika, at least 80,000 in Kivu and 140,000 in Ruanda-Urundi, and to have extended from Bugarama (at the southwestern tip of present-day Rwanda) to Nyanza Lac (at the southwestern corner of Burundi)". (Hooper, The River: Journey to the source of HIV and AIDS pg. 526)






Study details




Subject blood draw, circa 1953




The Tuskegee Study Group Letter inviting subjects to
receive "special treatment",
actually a diagnostic lumbar puncture.



The study began as a clinical trial of the incidence of syphilis in the Macon County population. Initially, subjects were studied for six to eight months, then treated with contemporary methods including Salvarsan (*arsenic), mercurial ointments, and bismuth.

These methods were, at best, poisonous and ineffective; the disadvantage that these were all highly toxic was balanced by the fact that no other methods were known. see "Oslo study"

The Tuskegee Institute participated in the study, as its representatives understood the intent was to benefit public health in this poor population.

The Tuskegee University-affiliated hospital effectively loaned the PHS its medical facilities. Other predominantly black institutions and local black doctors also participated.

By the fall of 1930 some 1,271 cases of syphilis had been brought under "treatment" in the six clinics that were operating in Macon County, as reported by Dr. Harris (Jones pg. 82)

The Rosenwald Fund, a major Chicago-based philanthropy devoted to black education and community development in the South, provided financial support to pay for the eventual treatment of the patients. When the Fund convened for there spring meeting in 1932', the Rosenwald Fund's trustees voted against continuing the syphilis control program (Alabama chronic inability to assume its share of the cost also helped to defray expenses). The Funds resources would "not permit its participating in contributions to general state-wide programs of large scale application of syphilis control (Jones pg. 88)

Under the the *diabolical leadership of Dr. Thomas Parran, who succeeded Dr. Cumming as surgeon general in 1934, the United States launched a vigourous nationwide syphilis campaign in the the late 1930's. The campaign reached whites and blacks alike, as mass testing and mobile treatment clinics introduced a bold new program of public health work in the United State.

Yet Dr. Parran's national campaign never reached a select group of black men in Macon County, Alabama. Years before the program began, the PHS has "sealed" them within a scientific experiment that systematically cut them off from all treatment programs for syphilis - whether conducted by local, state, or federal health officials. Shortly after Dr. Cumming issued his glowing assessment of the Rosenwald Fund's demonstrations in generosity in 1932, PHS officers returned to Tuskegee and converted the treatment program into a "nontherapeutic human experiment". (Jone pg. 88/90)

The new study evolved into the "Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" - the longest nontherapeutic experiment on human beings in medical history. (Jones pg. 91)

Drawing upon figures compiled during the Fund's syphilis control demonstration, Dr. Clark estimated that "of the 1,400 Negroes admitted to treatment but 33 had ever had any previous treatment for syphilis". Not one of these patients had received the full course of medications that was prescribed by the Public Health Service in 1932 as "standard therapy for syphilis". (Jones pg. 92)


By 1947, penicillin had become standard therapy for syphilis.

The US government "sponsored" several public health programs to form "rapid treatment centers" to "eradicate the disease". When campaigns to eradicate venereal disease came to Macon County, however, study researchers prevented their patients from participating.

During World War II, 250 of the subject men registered for the draft. They were consequently diagnosed and ordered to obtain treatment for syphilis before they could be taken into the armed services.

PHS researchers prevented them from getting treatment, thus depriving them of chances for a cure, service to the nation, and gaining the benefit of the GI Bill for education, passed after the war. At the time, the PHS representative was quoted as saying:

..."So far, we are keeping the known positive patients from getting treatment."


By the end of the study in 1972, only 74 of the test subjects were alive. According to records, the original study had been composed of 412 men with syphilis and 204 controls. In 1969, 56 syphilitic subjects and 36 controls were known to be living. A total of 373 men in both groups were known to be dead. 40 of their wives had been infected, and 19 of their children were born with congenital syphilis.








Prof. Nicholas Lloyd Taliaferro
Dr. Taliaferro Clark, the assistant Surgeon General in charge of the Venereal Disease division of the Public Health Service in 1932, developed the idea of the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment and oversaw it for a year before retiring. Confided to Dr. Parran and Clark on the subject of the "preservation of the Negroes health":

..." I am inclined to question the logic of "over-educating the Negro and raising up generations of what we might call "white-collared" Negroes, with nothing to do but get into mischief. There certainly is no great opportunity for this class of Negroes to make a living wage under existing conditions. As I look over the field where the Fund and the local communities have expended $26,000,000 for the building of schools for Negroes, I cannot see any returns commensurate with this expenditure, though I am hopeful in generations to come the results thereof may be evidence." (Jones pg.88)




Notes:


In 1928, (4 years before Julius Rosenwald died) the Fund was reorganized and modeled after the "Rockefeller Foundation" and management was turned over to a "professional staff". (James pg.52)


The Rockefellers' support for eugenics began early in the twentieth century, and included support for the Eugenics Record Office. In 1913 John D. Rockefeller, Jr. ("Junior") incorporated a group, which became a major force in supporting birth control clinics and played a pioneering role in the modern field of population studies.

As early as 1922, the Rockefeller Foundation sent money to fund German eugenics. Of Germany's 20-plus Kaiser Wilhelm Institute science centers, Rockefeller money built or supported three which "made their mark for medical murder" under the Nazis. One institute was for brain research. During part of Hitler's rule, it employed Hermann J. Muller, a Rockefeller-funded American socialist and geneticist. It later received "brains in batches of 150-250" derived from Holocaust victims. Another center, the Eugenics Institute, listed its 1935 activities as follows: "the training of SS doctors; racial hygiene training; expert testimony for the Reich Ministry of the Interior on cases of dubious heritage; collecting and classifying skulls from Africa; studies in race crossing; and experimental genetic pathology." Eugenics, Rockefeller and Roe v. Wade by Rebecca R. Messall, Esq



* In the 1930's, The Surgeon General of the United States, "personally requested" the medical facilities of Tuskegee for there participation in the experiment as part of a "larger treatment program".
(James pg. 208)

Tuskegee Institute "claims" it lost contact with experiment by the time penicillin became available in the 1940's. Both the treatment program and the study of "...untreated syphilis" had been removed from Andrew Hospital and were fully based in Macon County Hlth. Dpt. (James pg. 208)

"Truth: Red, White & Black" is a seven-issue comic book limited series written by Robert Morales and drawn by Kyle Baker, published by Marvel Comics, based on the Tuskegee Syphillis experiments.



The Oslo Study




Begun in 1909 and published in 1928, this study reported on the natural history of untreated syphilis in a group of white males. The racist assumptions then prevalent in American medicine biased physicians to assume that the disease would probably follow a different course in African-American males. Hence many saw value in replicating such a study among blacks in the U.S.


APPENDIX A


The following are a variety of data sets compiled from later publications of the Tuskegee study.
Table 1. 1963 viability data of Tuskegee group






























____ DEAD____ ____ALIVE________UNKNOWN____
n.%n.%n.%
Syphilitics2425985218521
Controls784566343920

from: Rockwell, et al. (1964)
Table 2. Abnormal findings in 90 syphilitics and 65 controls










Abnormality___Syphylitics____ ____Controls____





















n.%n.%
Electrocardiographic41462132
Cardiomegaly via X-ray3742 22 34
Peripheral neuropathy1213 5 8
Hypertension d. b .p. >9038432945
Cardiac murmurs24272031
Urine28362133

from: Rockwell, et al. (1964)
Table 3. Aortic arch and myocardial abnormalities at autopsy


















































____Aortic arch________Myocardial____
n. % n. %
Syphilitics (140)62444834
Controls (54)815 20 37





















X 2 P<0.005X 2 P>0.25 not different

from: Caldwell et al. (1973)


Ethical implications

The ethics of the early stages of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study can be considered in contrast to developments after the use of penicillin was verified as valid treatment. In 1932 treatments for syphilis were relatively ineffective and had severe side effects.

Researchers knew that syphilis was particularly prevalent in poor, black communities. Prevailing medical researches had no ethical or moral standards for informed consent, which is now expected. Doctors routinely withheld information about patients' conditions from them. From "Bad Blood", Dr Clark, of the PHS, says he,



..."assured Davis (*one of colleagues), that it was nothing less than a "ready-made situation, if I may be permitted to use this expression . . . . for carrying on the proposed study" of untreated syphilis in Negroes. (James pg. 94)

After penicillin was found to be an effective treatment for syphilis, the study continued for another 25 years without treating those suffering from the disease. After the study and its consequences became front-page news, it was ended in a day.

The aftershocks of this study led directly to the establishment of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research and the National Research Act. This act requires the establishment of Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) at institutions receiving federal grants.

Before the advent of antibiotics. Mercury was inhaled, ingested, injected, and applied topically. Poisoning was so common that its symptoms were confused with those of syphilis.


Mercury in Vaccine
video:
[nomedia]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9IjJufWVHjU"][COLOR=#999999]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9IjJufWVHjU[/COLO[/nomedia]


Thiomersal

Thiomersal is very toxic by inhalation, ingestion, and in contact with skin (EC hazard symbol T+), with a danger of cumulative effects. It is also very toxic to aquatic organisms and may cause long-term adverse effects in aquatic environments (EC hazard symbol N). In the body, it is metabolized or degraded to ethylmercury (C2H5Hg+) and thiosalicylate.


Ethylmercury

Ethylmercury is one of the metabolites of thiomersal, which is used as a preservative in some vaccines. Thiomersal is the ethylmercury-releasing compound sodium ethylmercuric thiosalicylate, C9H9HgNaO2S, which is made from the combination of ethyl mercuric chloride, thiosalicylic acid, sodium hydroxide and ethanol.

Mercuric chloride

Mercuric chloride,(used in the Tuskegee Experiment) is
highly toxic, not only acutely but as a cumulative poison.





.


*(Used throughout the Tuskegee experiments with the knowledge of a cure in the 1940s. Now it's a component of many vaccines, including the H1N1 vaccine).


Denuded neurofibrils: How Mercury destroys brain neurons *


"Viruses easily bypass the blood-brain barrier by attaching themselves to circulating immune cells".
excerpt from "Pathophysiology of Blood-brain barrier"
*Mercury Toxicology (below)

A University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine research team has found that exposure to mercury causes degeneration of brain neurons in animals.

Nerve processes in snails and other animals, specifically the microtubules in neurons, are similar to those of humans.

The team has identified how this degeneration takes place: ď mercury ions attach to a neuron, causing its microtubules to disassemble or break down and, ultimately, leave that neuron stripped of its protective membrane.


Denuded neurofibrils image:

"+""+enc(state)+"");h.close();me.frameSa#


Mercury In Vaccines Causes Brain Cell Damage' - University of Calgary experiment Source:
[nomedia]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UAP4aRdEmNk"][COLOR=#999999]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UAP4aRdEmNk[/COLO[/nomedia]


Toxicology

Few studies of the toxicity of thiomersal in humans have been performed. Animal experiments suggest that thiomersal rapidly dissociates to release ethylmercury after injection; that the disposition patterns of mercury are similar to those after exposure to equivalent doses of ethylmercury chloride; and that the central nervous system and the kidneys are targets, with lack of motor coordination being a common sign.

Similar signs and symptoms have been observed in accidental human poisonings. The mechanisms of toxic action are unknown. Fecal excretion accounts for most of the elimination from the body.

Ethylmercury clears from blood with a half-life of about 18 days, and from the brain in about 14 days. Inorganic mercury metabolized from ethylmercury has a much longer clearance, at least 120 days; it appears to be much less toxic than the inorganic mercury produced from mercury vapor, for reasons not yet understood.

Risk assessment for effects on the nervous system have been made by extrapolating from dose-response relationships for methylmercury.

Methylmercury and ethylmercury distributes to all body tissues,... crossing the blood-brain barrier and the placental barrier, and ethylmercury also moves freely throughout the body.

Viruses easily bypass the blood-brain barrier by attaching themselves to circulating immune cells.

Concerns based on extrapolations from methylmercury caused thiomersal to be removed from U.S. childhood vaccines, starting in 1999. Since then, it has been found that ethylmercury is cleared from the body and the brain significantly faster than methylmercury, so the late-1990s risk assessments turned out to be overly conservative.[9] A 2008 study found that the half-life of blood mercury after vaccination averages 3.7 days for newborns and infants, much shorter than the 44 days for methylmercury.


Neomycin sulfate used in Seasonal vaccine's

Neomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic that is found in many topical medications such as creams, ointments and eyedrops.

[edit] Uses

Neomycin is overwhelmingly used as a topical preparation, such as Neosporin. It can also be given orally, where it is usually combined with other antibiotics. Neomycin is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, and has been used as a preventive measure for hepatic encephalopathy and hypercholesterolemia. By killing bacteria in the intestinal tract, it keeps ammonia levels low and prevents hepatic encephalopathy, especially prior to GI surgery. It has also been used to treat small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.

It is not given intravenously, as neomycin is extremely nephrotoxic (causes kidney damage), especially compared to other aminoglycosides. The exception is when neomycin is included, in very small quantities, as a preservative in some vaccines - typically 0.025 mg per dose.


Note: It's a chemical pesticide


PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals
Neomycin sulfate

Reproductive or developmental toxicants, as designated by the state of California's Proposition 65 list
PAN Pesticide Resources?


Updated Prop. 65 list



ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH HAZARD ASSESSMENT
SAFE DRINKING WATER AND TOXIC ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1986 CHEMICALS KNOWN TO THE STATE TO CAUSE CANCER OR REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY

SEPTEMBER 11, 2009

The Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 requires that the Governor revise and republish at least once per year the list of chemicals known to the State to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity. The identification number indicated in the following list is the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number. No CAS number is given when several substances are presented as a single listing. The date refers to the initial appearance of the chemical on the list. For easy reference, chemicals which are shown underlined are newly added. Chemicals or endpoints shown in strikeout were placed on the Proposition 65 list on the date noted, and have subsequently been removed.

Neomycin sulfate (internal use)







































developmental







































1405-10-3







































October 1, 1992








































http://www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/prop65_list/



















VACCINE INGREDIENTS
The questions: "What is in the flu shot and what is in the vaccinations they are giving my child?", are being raised by those that are taking responsibility for their health and that of their loved ones. This brings hope that, one day soon, parents will have the truth and be able to make more logical decisions in the future. ~ Vickie Barker



VACCINE INGREDIENTS
a representative sample


Vaccine - Manufacturer - Microbes - Antibiotics -Chemicals /
Heavy Metals - Animal ByProducts


Acel-Immune DTP
diphtheria - tetanus - pertussis
Wyeth-Ayerst 800.934.5556
diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and
acellular pertussis adsorbed formaldehyde, aluminum
hydroxide, aluminum phosphate, thimerosal, and
polysorbate 80 (Tween-80) gelatin
Act HIB


Haemophilus
influenza B
Connaught Laboratories 800.822.2463
Haemophilus influenza Type B,
polyribosylribitol phosphate ammonium sulfate,
formalin, and sucrose


Attenuvax
measles
Merck & Co., Inc. 800-672-6372
measles live virus neomycin sorbitol
hydrolized gelatin, chick embryo



Biavax
rubella
Merck & Co., Inc. 800-672-6372
rubella live virus neomycin sorbitol
hydrolized gelatin, human diploid cells from aborted
fetal tissue


BioThrax
anthrax adsorbed
BioPort Corporation 517.327.1500
nonencapsulated strain of Bacillus anthracis
aluminum hydroxide, benzethonium chloride, and
formaldehyde



DPT
diphtheria - tetanus - pertussis
GlaxoSmithKline 800.366.8900
X 5231 diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular
pertussis adsorbed formaldehyde, aluminum phosphate,
ammonium sulfate, and thimerosal washed sheep RBCs


Dryvax
smallpox
(not licensed d/t expiration) Wyeth-Ayerst 800.934.5556
live vaccinia virus, with "some microbial
contaminants," according to the Working Group on
Civilian Biodefense polymyxcin B sulfate, streptomycin
sulfate, chlortetracycline hydrochloride, and neomycin
sulfate phenol -a compound obtained by distillation of
coal tar glycerin, and vesicle fluid from calf skins


Engerix-B
recombinant hepatitis B
GlaxoSmithKline 800.366.8900
X 5231 genetic sequence of the hepatitis B virus that
codes for the surface antigen (HbSAg), cloned into GMO
yeast aluminum hydroxide, and thimerosal



Fluvirin
Medeva Pharmaceuticals 888.MEDEVA 716.274.5300
influenza virus neomycin, polymyxin
beta-propiolactone chick embryonic fluid


FluShield
Wyeth-Ayerst 800.934.5556
trivalent influenza virus, types A&B
gentamicin sulphate formadehyde, thimerosal, and
polysorbate 80 (Tween-80) chick embryonic fluid
Havrix


hepatitis A
GlaxoSmithKline 800.366.8900
X 5231 hepatitis A virus formalin, aluminum
hydroxide, 2-phenoxyethanol, and polysorbate 20
residual MRC5 proteins
-human diploid cells from aborted fetal tissue



HiB Titer
Haemophilus influenza B
Wyeth-Ayerst 800.934.5556
Haemophilus influenza B,
polyribosylribitol phosphate, yeast ammonium
sulfate, thimerosal, and chemically defined
yeast-based medium


Imovax
Connaught Laboratories 800.822.2463
rabies virus adsorbed neomycin sulfate phenol red indicator
human albumin, human diploid cells from aborted fetal tissue


IPOL
Connaught Laboratories 800.822.2463
3 types of polio viruses neomycin, streptomycin, and polymyxin B
formaldehyde, and 2-phenoxyethenol continuous line of
monkey kidney cells


JE-VAX
Japanese encephalitis
Aventis Pasteur USA 800.VACCINE
Nakayama-NIH strain of Japanese
encephalitis virus, inactivated formaldehyde,
polysorbate 80 (Tween-80), and thimerosal mouse serum
proteins, and gelatin


LYMErix
lyme
GlaxoSmithKline 888-825-5249
recombinant protein (OspA) from the outer
surface of the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi
kanamycin aluminum hydroxide, 2-phenoxyethenol,
phosphate buffered saline


MMR
measles - mumps - rubella
Merck & Co., Inc. 800.672.6372
measles, mumps, rubella live virus
neomycin sorbitol hydrolized gelatin, chick embryonic
fluid, andn human diploid cells from aborted fetal tissue


M-R-Vax
measles - rubella
Merck & Co., Inc. 800.672.6372
measles, rubella live virus neomycin
sorbitol hydrolized gelatin, chick embryonic fluid,
and human diploid cells from aborted fetal tissue


Menomune
meningococcal
Connaught Laboratories 800.822.2463
freeze-dried polysaccharide antigens from Neisseria
meningitidis bacteria thimerosal, and lactose


Meruvax I
mumps
Merck & Co., Inc. 800.672.6372
mumps live virus neomycin sorbitol
hydrolized gelatin


NYVAC
(new smallpox batch, not licensed)
Aventis Pasteur USA 800.VACCINE
highly attenuated vaccinia virus
polymyxcin B sulfate, streptomycin sulfate,
chlortetracycline hydrochloride, and neomycin sulfate
phenol -a compound obtained by distillation of coal
tar glycerin, and vesicle fluid from calf skins


Orimune
oral polio
Wyeth-Ayerst 800.934.5556
3 types of polio viruses, attenuated
neomycin, streptomycin sorbitol monkey kidney cells
and calf serum


Pneumovax
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Merck & Co., Inc. 800.672.6372
capsular polysaccharides from polyvalent
(23 types) pneumococcal bacteria phenol


Prevnar
Pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine
Wyeth Lederle 800.934.5556
saccharides from capsular Streptococcus
pneumoniae antigens (7 serotypes) individually
conjugated to diphtheria CRM 197 protein aluminum
phosphate, ammonium sulfate, soy protein, yeast


RabAvert
rabies
Chiron Behring GmbH & Company 510.655.8729
fixed-virus strain Flury LEP neomycin,
chlortetracycline, and amphotericin B potassium
glutamate, and sucrose human albumin, bovine gelatin
and serum "from source countries known to be free of
bovine spongioform encephalopathy," and chicken
protein


Rabies Vaccine Adsorbed
GlaxoSmithKline 800.366.8900
X 5231 rabies virus adsorbed beta-propiolactone,
aluminum phosphate, thimerosal, and phenol red rhesus
monkey fetal lung cells


Recombivax
recombinant hepatitis B
Merck & Co., Inc. 800.672.6372
genetic sequence of the hepatitis B virus
that codes for the surface antigen (HbSAg), cloned
into GMO yeast aluminum hydroxide, and thimerosal


RotaShield
oral tetravalent rotavirus (recalled)
Wyeth-Ayerst 800.934.5556 1 rhesus monkey rotavirus, 3 rhesus-human
reassortant live viruses neomycin sulfate,
amphotericin B potassium monophosphate, potassium
diphosphate, sucrose, and monosodium glutamate (MSG)
rhesus monkey fetal diploid cells, and bovine fetal serum



Smallpox
(not licensed due to expiration) 40-yr old stuff
"found" in Swiftwater, PA freezer
Aventis Pasteur USA 800.VACCINE
live vaccinia virus, with "some microbial
contaminants," according to the Working Group on
Civilian Biodefense polymyxcin B sulfate, streptomycin
sulfate, chlortetracycline hydrochloride, and neomycin
sulfate phenol -a compound obtained by distillation of
coal tar glycerin, and vesicle fluid from calf skins



Smallpox
(new, not licensed)
Acambis, Inc. 617.494.1339
in partnership with Baxter BioScience highly
attenuated vaccinia virus polymyxcin B sulfate,
streptomycin sulfate, chlortetracycline hydrochloride,
and neomycin sulfate phenol -a compound obtained by
distillation of coal tar glycerin, and vesicle fluid
from calf skins


TheraCys BCG
(intravesicle -not licensed in US for tuberculosis)
Aventis Pasteur USA 800.VACCINE
live attenuated strain of
Mycobacterium bovis monosodium glutamate (MSG), and
polysorbate 80 (Tween-80)


Tripedia
diphtheria - tetanus - pertussis
Aventis Pasteur USA 800.VACCINE
Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Clostridium
tetani toxoids and acellular Bordetella
pertussis adsorbed aluminum potassium sulfate,
formaldehyde, thimerosal, and polysorbate 80
(Tween-80) gelatin, bovine extract US sourced


Typhim Vi
typhoid
Aventis Pasteur USA SA 800.VACCINE
cell surface Vi polysaccharide from
Salmonella typhi Ty2 strain aspartame, phenol, and
polydimethylsiloxane (silicone)


Varivax
chickenpox
Merck & Co., Inc. 800.672.6372
varicella live virus neomycin phosphate,
sucrose, and monosodium glutamate (MSG) processed
gelatin, fetal bovine serum, guinea pig embryo cells,
albumin from human blood, and human diploid cells
from aborted fetal tissue


YF-VAX
yellow fever
Aventis Pasteur USA 800.VACCINE
17D strain of yellow fever virus
sorbitol chick embryo, and gelatin



Thiomersal Use


..."In the United States, countries in the European Union and a few other affluent countries, thiomersal is no longer used as a preservative in routine childhood vaccination schedules.[1] In the U.S., the "only exceptions" among vaccines routinely recommended for children are some formulations of the inactivated influenza vaccine for children older than two years.[5] Several vaccines that are not routinely recommended for young children do contain thiomersal, including DT (diphtheria and tetanus), Td (tetanus and diphtheria), and TT (tetanus toxoid); other vaccines may contain a trace of thiomersal from steps in manufacture."














( More Links for Flu Shot Dangers





Peace be upon you

"Bad Blood" The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment by James H. Jones New York: The Free Press, 1993 (expanded ed.)

"Medical Aparheid" The dark history of medical experimenatation on Black Amercicans from colonial times to the present by Harriet A. Washington New York: The Doubleday Broadway Publishing group, 2006

Syphilis: a synopis U.S Departmentt of Health, Education, and Welfare Washington, D.C.: Public Health Service Publication No. 1660, U.S Governement Printing Office, 1968

Edward Hooper's "The River" A Journey to the Source of HIV and Aids Boston, MA : Little, Brown and Co First Edition, 1999
internet:

The Tuskegee Syphilis Study
https://www.msu.edu/course/hm/546/tuskegee.htm

THE NUREMBERG CODE: Confronted the difficult question of "illegal human experimentation".
Online Exhibitions | The Doctors Trial | Nuremberg Code explanation
Nuremberg Code - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Oslo Study
https://www.msu.edu/course/hm/546/tuskegee.htm#The

Bad Blood
Bad Blood: A Case Study of the Tuskegee Syphilis Project - Case Study Collection - National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science

Perchlorates
Perchlorate - Senator Feinstein - Rocket Fuel Pollution - NAS - EPA

Eugenics, Rockefeller and Roe v. Wade
by Rebecca R. Messall, Esq
http://www.catholicleague.org/printer.php?p=rer&id=118

Enemy alien - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In vitro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Levonorgestrel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Steroid hormone receptor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Testosterone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Estradiol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://www.toilets.com/Pdffiles/ToxicBibliography.pdf
USGS Circular 1316 Chapter 8: The Occurrence of Pesticides in the Bay Watershed
Up a chemical creek. (Water Pollution). - Free Online Library
Subhuman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vermin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pest_(animal)
Pesticide - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chemical warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ethylmercury - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Thiomersal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Blood-brain barrier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tuskegee syphilis experiment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
OEHHA Proposition 65 - September 10, 2009 Proposition 65 List
http://www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/CRNR_...rmatnotice.pdf
Retrograde degeneration of neurite membrane structural integrity of nerve growth cones following in vitro exposure to mercury NeuroReport v.12, n.4 26mar01
http://torontochange.com/index2.php?...o_pdf=1&id=194
Taxonomic rank - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mercury(II) chloride - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
__________________

Peace be upon you