Naturalization Act of 1870 (16 Stat.254) was created to deal with two issues:
system of controls for the naturalization process and penalties for fraudulent practices
naturalization laws to aliens and to persons of African descent
Naturalizationis the acquisition of citizenship or nationality by somebody who was not a citizen or national of that country when he or she was born.
14th Amendment to the Constitution Was Ratified July 28, 1868 On July 28, 1868, the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified. The amendment grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves who had just been freed after the Civil War. The amendment had been rejected by most Southern states but was ratified by the required three-fourths of the states. Known as the "Reconstruction Amendment," it forbids any state to deny any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of its laws."
Question: Why would African citizens need Naturalization? Are they not "natural born citizens"?
Question: How would the 1870 Naturalization Act for Africans and other future aliens repeal the Act of Settlement in Great Britian, unless America is still a Non Unitary Federated Territory of Great Britain?
Article 7 mentions..."Prisoners of war on both sides are to be released and all property left by the British army in the United States unmolested(including slaves);
Prisoner of war was a working defintion in use before the A detained person as defined in Articles 4 and 5 of the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War of August 12, 1949. In particular, one who, while engaged in combat under orders of his government, is captured by the armed forces of the enemy.
1387, Sclave, from M.L. Sclavus (c.800), from Byzantine Gk. Sklabos (c.580), from O.Slav. Sloveninu "a Slav," probably related to slovo "word, speech," which suggests the name originally meant member of a speech community (cf. O.C.S. Nemici "Germans," related to nemu "dumb;" and cf. O.E. ŝeode, which meant both "race" and "language"). Identical with the -slav in personal names (e.g. Rus. Miroslav, lit. "peaceful fame;" Mstislav, lit. "vengeful fame;" Jaroslav, lit. "famed for fury;" Czech Bohuslav, lit. "God's glory;" and cf. Wenceslas). Spelled Slave c.1788-1866, infl. by Fr. and Ger. Slave. Adj. Slavic is attested from 1813; earlier Slavonic (c.1645), from Slavonia, a region of Croatia.
c.1225, from O.Fr., noun use of servant "serving, waiting," prp. of servir "to attend, wait upon" (see serve). Meaning "professed lover, one devoted to the service of a lady" is from c.1368. In N.American colonies and U.S., the usual designation for "slave" 17c.-18c. (in 14c.-15c. and later in Biblical translations the word often was used to render L. servus, Gk. doulos "slave"). Public servant is attested from 1676.
c.1290, "person who is the property of another," from O.Fr. esclave, from M.L. Sclavus "slave" (cf. It. schiavo, Fr. esclave, Sp. esclavo), originally "Slav" (see Slav), so called because of the many Slavs sold into slavery by conquering peoples.
"This sense development arose in the consequence of the wars waged by Otto the Great and his successors against the Slavs, a great number of whom they took captive and sold into slavery." [Klein]
O.E. Wealh "Briton" also began to be used in the sense of "serf, slave" c.850; and Skt. dasa-,which can mean "slave," is apparently connected to dasyu- "pre-Aryan inhabitant of India." More common O.E. words for slave were ŝeow (related to ŝeowian "to serve") and ŝrĉl (see thrall). The Slavic words for "slave" (Rus. rab, Serbo-Croatian rob, O.C.S. rabu) are from O.Slav. *orbu, from the PIE base *orbh- (also source of orphan) the ground sense of which seems to be "thing that changes allegiance" (in the case of the slave, from himself to his master).
The Slavic word is also the source of robot. Applied to devices from 1904, especially those which are controlled by others (cf. slave jib in sailing, similarly of locomotives, flash bulbs, amplifiers). Slavery is from 1551; slavish is attested from 1565; in the sense of "servilely imitative" it is from 1753. slave-driver is attested from 1807. In U.S. history, slavocracy "the political dominance of slave-owners" is attested from 1840.
at·test (-tst) v.at·test·ed, at·test·ing, at·tests v.tr.1. To affirm to be correct, true, or genuine: The date of the painting was attested by the appraiser. 2. a. To certify by signature or oath: attest a will. b. To certify in an official capacity.
3. To supply or be evidence of: Her fine work attests her ability. See Synonyms at indicate. 4. To put under oath.
v.intr. To bear witness; give testimony: attested to their good faith.
Our ancestors were never slaves. They were never citizens of Constitutional law.
Constitutional law was ratified November 21, 1789 with N. Carolina. Legal slavery was ratified 12/6/1865 with Amendment 13. Africans were not offered citizenship until the passing of the 1870 Naturalization act.
Naturalization Act of 1870 (16 Stat. 254) was created to deal with two issues:
1.system of controls for the naturalization process and penalties for fraudulent practices.
2. naturalization laws to aliens and to persons of African descent.
Amendment 14 deals with whole persons not 3/5 of a person (respectfully recinded with the abolishment of primeval slavery in place of legal slavery. Whereas, before prisoners- of- war increased political power of " slave-holding" states by increasing their share of seats in the House of Representatives; see Electoral college).
Amd. 14 "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside."; via the Doctrine of Reception.
The Doctrine of Reception meaning any European man, women, or child born under British Law, have always been British subjects by way of the Act of Supremacy 1559.
Therefore we have always been African citizens, first.
Assata Shakur Speaks is an Forum Devoted To Assata Shakur And All Political Prisoners Around The World. Assata Shakur Speaks Is An Oasis Of Pan African Information Geared Towards The Liberation Of Afrikan People.