How to make a fire in woods and fields
Begin with choosing a suitable place. Appropriate beds for fire are sand, gravel or bare soil. Don’t light a fire on flat rocks (they break from the heat and get ugly black marks), peat ground or near dry grass, bushes and trees. You can put stones around the fire you are building.
Use dry sticks and branches for the fire. In a forest you will always find dry sticks to light with – even when it is raining – like on the lower parts of spruce stems.
In old damaged stems and stumps of pine, you sometime find yellowish-red and strong smelling pitchy wood. In dry conditions this resinous wood is one of the best things you can use to light a fire with. Just one split of pitchy wood can light the most impossible fire. Start lighting with smaller sticks and build up with larger sticks as the fire begins to burn. Extinguish the fire carefully, preferably with water, and restore the ground as much as possible if it is a temporary place for a fire, before you leave.
Pay attention to possible fire prohibitions, especially common during dry springs and summers!
Teepee fire lay (standing splitwood) gives you a quick burning fire. Crisscross Fire lay /lying splitwoods) give a more prolonged fire.