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      Jacuma is offline Forward To PanAfricanism

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      Some Aspects of the Ideology, Objectives, and Program Of The AAPRP

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      African People all over the world are
      suffering from exploitation. It is only in
      this light that we can understand the poverty
      of African People when Africa is one of the
      richest continents in the world.

      The All-African People\'s Revolutionary
      (A-APRP) knows that the root of this
      exploitation is economic. We are certain that
      its inevitable end can only be achieved
      through the political unification of the
      African continent. This is an indispensable
      first step.

      The only thing that Africa lacks to control
      her destiny is a Pan-African political Party.
      African People the world over are politically
      disorganized, with few exceptions. It is
      here that, the All-African People\'s
      Revolutionary Party comes to play her full
      role in making her humble contributions in
      the continuing struggle to organize our


      African in the Diaspora (those who live
      outside of Africa), are scattered in over
      sixty countries. A Pan-Africanist political
      Party understands that \"all People of African
      descent, whether they live in North or South
      America, the Caribbean or in any part of the
      world; are Africans, and belong to the African
      Nation\". Kwame Nkrumah, CLASS STRUGGLE IN
      AFRICA, page 87.

      Pan-Africanism: the total liberation and
      unification of Africa under scientific
      socialism, is a historically determined
      inevitability. It is the only objective which
      can end the suffering of African People
      scattered, suffering and struggling all over
      the world. That is why it is the objective of
      the All-African People\'s Revolutionary Party.

      The history of Africa demonstrates that
      Pan-Africanism is a natural evolutionary
      process. Some of the characteristics of this
      process include:

      . the cluster of humanist principles
      underlying the cultural unity of Africa.

      . the constant migration of African People
      which provided for more contact among the

      . the movement towards building bigger and
      bigger African states.

      The thrust for revolutionary Pan-Africanism is
      a result of the capitalist penetration and
      rape of Africa, which intensified in the
      sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The
      brutal exploitation which Africa suffered
      under slavery, colonialism and settler-
      colonialism is well known. Unified African
      resistance is the only logical response.

      The mass resistance against these diabolical
      forces continues to gather momentum. From
      Soweto, Azania/South Africa; to Nova Scotia,
      Canada; slave uprisings, urban rebellions and
      guerilla warfare were constant occurrences and
      will remain so until we achieve
      Pan-Africanism. Our struggle has been and
      remains a long one.

      In 1900, Pan-Africanism was capable of
      assuming modern organizational expression and
      form. The First Pan-African Conference was
      held in London, England. During this period,
      Pan-Africanist forces sprung up wherever
      African people were scattered.

      Henry Sylvester Williams (born in Trinidad),
      Duse Mohammed Effendi (also known as Duse
      Mohammed Ali, born in Egypt); the Honorable
      Marcus Garvey, (who founded the Universal
      Negro Improvement Association, born in
      Jamaica); and W. E. B. DuBois, (who was one of
      the founders of the National Association for
      the Advancement of Colored People, born in the
      U.S.); were some of Pan-Africanism immortal
      organizers. They were followed by J.T.
      Jabavu and others, (born in Azania/South
      Africa, who founded the African National
      Congress of South Africa); Joseph Casely
      Hayford, (born in Ghana, who founded the
      National Congress of British West Africa); and
      Jose de Magalahaes, (born in Brazil, who
      founded the Liga Africana to represent the
      Africans living in Portugal and the Portuguese
      colonies of Africa and South America.) There
      were countless others, far too numerous to

      From the First Pan-African Conference which
      was held in England in 1900, through the Sixth
      Pan-African Conference in 1974 in Dar es
      Salaam, Tanzania; we have been trying to
      better coordinate the world-wide
      Pan-African Movement.

      The 5th Pan-African Conference which was held
      in 1945 in Manchester, England, and was Co-
      chaired by Kwame Nkrumah and W.E.B. DuBois,
      represented a qualitative transformation in
      the African Revolution. This Conference
      clearly and uncompromisingly outlined the
      necessity for a mass character to the African
      Revolution, and called for the revolutionary
      political education and organization of the
      masses of African People.

      This process gained intensity with the
      organization of the Democratic Party of Guinea
      (PDG) in 1947, under the leadership of the
      great Ahmed Seku Ture; and of the Convention
      People\'s Party (CPP) in 1949, under the
      leadership of Osagefyo Kwame Nkrumah.
      Numerous other Parties such as the Tanzanian
      African National Union (TANU), (now called
      Chama Cha Mapineuzi); under the leadership of
      Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, sprouted up

      In a short 12 years since the 5th Pan-African
      Conference, the objective and subjective
      conditions had ripened making it possible to
      firmly and irrevocably root the Pan-African
      Movement in Africa, on the continent of Africa
      for the first time; and to create for the
      first time a genuine, mass, revolutionary,
      African, political organizations. Mass
      Parties and mass Movements spread to every
      corner of Africa and the African Diaspora,
      intensifying the mass struggles for
      democratic and human rights and national

      Three major water-shed events occurred in 1957
      and 1958, the attainment of independence of
      Ghana, then Guinea and the convening of the
      first All-African Peoples Conference in
      Ghana, signaling the maturation of this phase
      of the African Revolution. The struggle for
      democratic and human rights, for national
      liberation and unification, and for scientific
      socialism; took on a continental, and even
      world-wide (wherever African People have been
      dispersed) scale.

      From the First Pan-African Conference through
      the Sixth Pan-African Conference which was
      held in 1974 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania;
      African revolutionaries have come, through
      experience, to properly understand that Africa
      can only be fully liberated and unified
      through mass, revolutionary political action.

      Today, the task of Pan-Africanism is to build
      a mass Party which will include the fusion of
      already existing revolutionary Parties.
      Africa can only be fully liberated and unified
      through mass, revolutionary action.

      It is this task which the All-African People\'s
      Revolutionary Party (A-APRP) voluntarily and
      enthusiastically has chosen to undertake.


      In 1966 Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah\'s book entitled
      for the \"formation of the A-APRP to
      co-coordinate policies and to direct action...
      A political Party linking all liberated
      territories and struggling Parties under a
      common ideology; and thus smoothing the way
      for continental unity...While at the same time
      greatly assisting the prosecution of the
      All-African People\'s War\" (pg 56-57)

      WARFARE further provided the Pan-African
      Movement with an analytical and strategic
      framework which enabled a new generation of
      African youth to accelerate a world wide
      effort to lay the foundation for the emergence
      of the All-African Peoples Revolutionary

      A small Cadre of African youth born and living
      in Africa, the U.S., the Caribbean, Canada and
      Europe immediately began to work,
      propagandizing about the necessity to build
      the All-African People\'s Revolutionary Party.

      Attempts to organize the first Work-Study
      Circle, the basic unit of the A-APRP, were
      made in Guinea in early 1969, when Osagefyo
      Kwame Nkrumah was Co-President. This first
      Work-Study Circle included Africans born in
      Ghana, Trinidad, Gambia, Cameroon, Nigeria and

      Since 1969, the A-APRP has recruited into its
      ranks Africans born in over 72 countries in
      Africa, the Caribbean, North, Central and
      South America and Europe. In addition, the
      A-APRP has developed a strong world-wide base
      of supporters and allies. This is testimony
      to the quantity and quality of work done to
      build the A-APRP thus far, and speaks even
      more eloquently to the future potential.

      The A-APRP is a product of the relentless
      struggle within the Pan-African Movement for
      ideological clarity, scientific and precise
      objectives and revolutionary, mass, Pan
      African, political organization.

      The A-APRP represents a quantitative and
      qualitative development in our long history of
      struggle against class exploitation and
      national oppression in all its various
      manifestations and forms, including centuries
      of enslavement, dispersion, depersonalization,
      balkanization, and domination of Africa.

      The A-APRP emerges from and heralds an
      intensification of the African and larger
      world-wide struggle for democratic rights, for
      national independence and unity and for
      scientific socialism. At the same time, it
      uncompromisingly and unceasingly fights for
      the inevitable destruction of capitalism,
      imperialism, settler-colonialism,
      neo-colonialism, racism, exploitation of
      women, zionism, and all unjust systems.

      The A-APRP knows that \"the core of the Black
      (African) Revolution is in Africa and until
      Africa is united under a socialist government,
      the Black man (African) throughout the world
      lacks a national home. (Accordingly) the
      total liberation and unification of Africa
      under an All-African socialist government must
      be the primary objective of all Black
      (African) Revolutionaries throughout the

      \"It is an objective, which when achieved will
      bring about the fulfillment of the aspirations
      of African and people of African descent
      everywhere. It will at the same time advance
      the triumph of the international socialist
      Revolution\", Kwame Nkrumah, THE HANDBOOK OF


      \"Ideological training, revolutionary ideology
      is the modern weapon used by the oppressed
      Peoples to overcome their insufficiencies, to
      meet the challenge of the power of
      exploitation. Revolutionary ideology is the
      infallible arm that reveals and develops the
      people\'s genius. All revolutionary Parties
      agree on this.\" Ahmed Seku Ture, STRATEGY

      On the question of organization, it is in the
      arena of ideological consciousness, that
      African People are most lacking. Ideology has
      fundamental principles, including its own
      belief about the nature of man and woman, and
      about the type of society which must be
      created. It is these fundamental principles
      which help in designing and controlling the
      type of organization found in the society.
      \"The same principles give rise to a network
      of purposes which fix what compromises are
      possible or not possible\", Kwame Nkrumah,
      CONSCIENCISM, page 57.

      An ideology therefore seeks to unite the whole
      of society and seeks to channel the energies
      of the society to predetermined goals. Thus
      \"the ideology of the society is total. It
      embraces the whole of life of a People and
      manifests itself in their class-structure,
      their history, literature, art, religion\",
      Nkrumah, CONSCIENCISM, page 59.

      Every society has an ideology, whether the
      members of that society are conscious or
      unconscious of it. Ideology comes from
      culture! Ahmed Seku Ture has correctly
      explained, that \"by culture, we understand all
      the material and immaterial works of art and
      science, plus knowledge, manners, education, a
      mode of thought, behavior and attitudes,
      accumulated by the People both from the hold
      and domination of nature; we also include the
      result of their efforts to destroy
      deviationist politics, social systems of
      domination and exploitation through the
      productive process of social life\". (Taken
      from Seku Ture\'s DIALECTICAL APPROACH TO

      Every People therefore have a culture,
      enjoying both the universal aspects common to
      all cultures and their own particularity.
      Every People also have their own correct
      ideology. In order for the People to make a
      continuous contribution to their sacred
      struggle, all of the People must be
      consciously aware of this ideology.

      The Africa which the A-APRP is struggling to
      help reconstruct is a revolutionary society, a
      classless society which contains a new
      harmony, a new cohesiveness and a new
      revolutionary African personality which
      upholds the positive aspects of our
      traditional African way of life, retaining
      them as the foundation, and yet incorporating
      the positive aspects of Islamic and Euro-
      Christian intrusions.

      A new, emergent, revolutionary ideology is
      therefore required to achieve this task. That
      ideology is Nkrumahism.

      Nkrumahism is the correct and scientific
      ideology for the African Revolution. It takes
      its name from the consistent, Revolutionary,
      socialist, Pan-African principles, practice
      and policies followed, implemented and taught
      by Kwame Nkrumah; one of the foremost
      exponents and practioners of the scientific
      strategy to liberate and unify Africa under
      scientific socialism. These principles are
      recorded in his speeches, writings actions,
      achievements and life.

      Nkrumahism synthesizes the revolutionary
      contributions of all the great Africans such
      as Garvey, Ahmed Seku Ture, Kwame Nkrumah,
      Patrice Lumumba, Malcolm X, and countless
      other sons and daughters of Africa.

      In a larger, more full and complete sense;
      Nkrumahism is the dialectical synthesis of the
      accumulated practical and theoretical
      contributions and achievements of centuries
      and generations of revolutionary, Pan-African
      and larger socialist struggles.

      Nkrumahism is the dialectical application of
      the universal laws of revolutionary growth and
      development to the particular conditions of
      Africa and Her Children, scattered all over
      the world. Its concrete, living manifestation
      is to be found in the creative contributions
      of the present day African Revolution.

      Nkrumahism provides the masses of African
      People with a set of uncompromising
      principles, a scientific, revolutionary view
      of Africa and the world, a scientific
      methodology and a set of analytical tools
      which enable the masses of African People to
      correctly interpret, understand and change the
      African historical experience, and redeem and
      reconstruct the African Personality.

      It provides the masses of African People with
      a social, political, philosophical and
      economic theory which constitutes a complete
      network of principles, beliefs, values, morals
      and rules which guide our behavior, determine
      the form which our institutions and
      organizations will take, and acts as a
      cohesive force which binds us together, guides
      and directs our revolutionary action and
      channels it toward the achievement of Pan-
      Africanism and the inevitable triumph of
      socialism, world-wide.

      Some of the principles of Nkrumahism include:

      1) THE PRIMACY OF AFRICA - The full
      understanding that the struggle for a
      unified, socialist Africa must be the
      primary aspect of our lives.

      which produces Africans who at all times and
      under all conditions, struggle to insure
      that the interests of all of the masses of
      our People reign supreme over the interests
      of any individual, groups, class or part of
      Africa; which produces men and women who are
      honest, dedicated and willing to suffer and
      sacrifice in service to Mother Africa and
      world humanity.

      3) COLLECTIVISM - the philosophical and
      practical understanding that the groups is
      responsible for the individual, and that the
      individual is in turn, responsible to the
      group, that they are dialectically linked;
      with the interests of the group supreme, and
      the understanding that individual
      development proceeds from the group and must
      in turn contribute to the welfare of the

      which constitute a science that enables us
      to analyze the permanent and irreversible
      changes that nature, the world, human life
      and society undergo. The most notable of
      these changes are those changes which occur
      when the masses of oppressed People take
      their destiny into their hands and through
      revolution, bring fundamental and positive
      changes to society and to their lives.
      Revolutions occur and succeed because of the
      qualitative and quantitative changes that
      occur in the thinking and action of
      conscious men and women.

      5) SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM - which implies
      common ownership of the means of production,
      distribution and exchange; production for
      use and not for profit, planned methods of
      production by the state, based on modern
      industry and agriculture; political power in
      the hands of the People with the entire body
      of Workers possessing the necessary
      governmental machinery through which to
      express their needs and aspirations.

      It is a concept in keeping with the humanist
      and egalitarian spirit which characterized
      traditional African society, though it must
      be applied in the modern context. All are
      Workers and no person exploits another.
      Application of scientific methods in all
      spheres of thought and production.

      6) RELIGION AND REVOLUTION - both of which
      properly uphold the interest of humanity,
      the nation and the laboring masses. Truly
      religious tenets uphold the principles of
      equality, humanism, egalitarianism, and all
      of the connotations of socialist political
      and economic justice. A truly religious
      person therefore must be a truly socialist
      person in practice, since God is always for
      justice and actively fighting against

      Revolution must respect religion and
      safeguard the religion\'s integrity and the
      right of the People to worship in the manner
      in which they believe. Someone who is not
      religious, but who renders revolutionary
      service to the People, will encounter no
      conflict with truly religious People.

      - the masses of the People are the only
      makers of history. In order to liberate
      themselves, the People need a mass,
      revolutionary political Party which can help
      them politically educate and organize
      themselves and galvanize their Positive


      Nkrumah properly analyzed that all of Africa,
      especially \"the countryside is the bastion of
      the revolution. It is the revolutionary
      battlefield in which the peasantry in alliance
      with their natural class allies-proletariat
      and revolutionary intelligentsia-are the
      driving force for socialist construction and
      transformation\". Nkrumah, CLASS STRUGGLE IN
      AFRICA, page 79.

      The paramount need of our struggle at this
      juncture is the political education of the
      masses of our People in order to make them
      conscious of their responsibility. It is the
      revolutionary intelligentsia who possess the
      skills necessary for the rapid fulfillment of
      this task.

      Thus, in the current stage of Party building
      activities, the primary focus of the A-APRP\'s
      political education, recruitment and
      organizing activities is the revolutionary
      intelligentsia, especially college students.

      The A-APRP wants to make it clear, at this
      stage, any African can and is encouraged to
      join the A-APRP. Our immediate task however,
      is to organize A-APRP Work-Study Circles on
      every college campus in the African world;
      thereby creating the initial cadre base which
      can politically educate and organize the
      masses of oppressed Africans world-wide.


      The only program of the A-APRP is: BUILD THE
      PARTY! Osagefyo Kwame Nkrumah informs us that
      \"Organization decides everything.\"

      Some of the Party activities and work

      - internal and external mass political

      - organizing and recruiting African students
      in order for them to serve their proper role
      as the \"shock troops\", the \"spark\" of the
      African Revolution.

      - struggling to build an African United
      Front in the U.S., England and France.

      - struggling to build a Coalition to Smash
      Zionism, and support the Palestine
      Liberation Organization.

      - struggling to build a Coalition to Smash
      the FBI-CIA and other imperialist
      intelligence agencies.

      - institutionalizing African Liberation Day,

      If you are really tired of the suffering of
      our People, who are scattered and struggling
      in every corner of the world, and you really
      want to help bring about a positive change in
      their lives; then you must scientifically give
      time to our People\'s sacred struggle.

      We do it for capitalism, for school, for our
      clubs, for our church, mosque or temple; for
      recreation. We give of our energy, our time
      and our commitment for these and other
      activities we hold dear. We must give out
      time and energies to political organizations
      seeking to advance us.

      We encourage everyone reading this pamphlet to
      join any political organization seeking to
      advance humanity. We urge you to join a
      revolutionary political Party working for
      Pan-Africanism: the only solution to all of
      the problems our People face in every corner
      of the world.


    2. #2

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