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    1. #1
      XXPANTHAXX's Avatar
      XXPANTHAXX is offline Organizer

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      Arrow Internet governance: US, developing countries strike deal


      0 Not allowed! Not allowed!
      By Innocent Gore recently in TUNIS, Tunisia.
      Zimbabwe Herald

      A COMPROMISE agreement on Internet governance has been
      reached between the United States and developing countries.

      This development will see United Nations Secretary-General Mr
      Kofi Annan setting up an Internet Governance Forum, which
      will look at how other countries can also be involved in the
      management of the worldwide web.

      The governance of the Internet was a bone of contention at
      the just ended World Summit on the Information Society in
      Tunis, with developing countries wanting a say in how the
      Internet — a worldwide computer network which facilitates
      data transmission and exchange — is run and regulated.

      President Mugabe questioned why the whole world should be
      beholden to a US company, which developed the Internet, over
      such a powerful tool which transcends national borders and
      impinges on sensitive State issues.

      President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa and Mozambican Prime
      Minister Luisa Diogo also expressed concern at the governance
      of the Internet by the Americans alone.

      The Internet is managed by an American company called
      Internet Corporation on Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
      which carries out this task in consultation with the US
      government.

      Developing countries were proposing that this function be
      managed by a body comprising representatives of countries
      from both the developed and developing world.

      Africa’s position was that the body governing the Internet
      should be a fully representative authority afforded the
      opportunity to actively participate in international
      organisations dealing with the Internet.

      It also wanted the establishment of a fully participatory
      global consultation framework to carry out in-depth reviews
      of general policies on Internet governance to ensure
      efficiency, transparency, democracy and equitable
      distribution of Internet services and resources to all actors
      and continents.

      But the US opposed these proposals and observers view this as
      Washington’s reluctance to lose control of the information
      superhighway and the revenue associated with it.

      The Minister of Transport and Communications, Cde Christopher
      Mushohwe, who attended pre-summit ministerial meetings as
      well the summit proper and ministerial meetings on the
      sidelines of the summit, expressed disappointment at the
      failure by the summit to fully address the issue of Internet
      governance.

      "From Zimbabwe’s and Sadc (Southern African Development
      Community)’s point of view, there is need for involvement of
      other governments in the management and governance of the
      Internet. But, of course, Americans would not move, so what
      has been agreed to is a compromise which the developing
      world, Zimbabwe included, very reluctantly agreed on.

      "The Secretary-General of the UN Mr Kofi Annan has been
      tasked with setting up an Internet Governance Forum. He will
      be helped by a team and once the forum is put in place, it
      will look at how other governments can be involved.

      "Zimbabwe is concerned, and I think most developing countries
      are concerned, about this deferment of this issue," said Cde
      Mushohwe, adding that most countries believed the
      postponement was a ploy to allow the US to remain in control
      of the Internet.

      The minister said Zimbabwe was consulting other Sadc
      countries with a view to meeting and coming up with a common
      regional position.

      He said he had spoken to communications ministers from
      Botswana and Zambia, who also attended the summit, and they
      were agreeable to a meeting to map the way forward.

      Cde Mushohwe said several French-speaking African countries
      had formed what they termed the Afrique (French for "Africa")
      Group, for the purpose of speaking on their behalf on the
      issue of Internet governance and that the bloc would be
      convening soon in Egypt.

      "Sadc has not taken much interest, but Francophone Africa has
      taken the initiative and this is why we should meet as Sadc
      and come up with our own position.

      "If we do not do that, Afrique’s position may be adopted by
      the African Union and our position may not be taken," he
      said.

      Despite the issue of Internet governance, the Minister of
      Science and Technology Cde Olivia Muchena said the summit
      came at a highly opportune time in that the Government had
      just approved the information and technology policy framework
      which envisages Zimbabwe being fully integrated into the
      information society by 2020.

      She said the policy framework also envisions electrification
      and the installation of fibre optic cables to be followed by
      computerisation.

      The policy would also broaden the affordability of
      information communication technology tools such as computers
      and accessories by making the devices tax exempt.

      "We need a programme to signpost where we have reached in
      terms of accessibility and software development and tap on
      the worldwide experience. There is a lot that the global
      village has done that Zimbabwe can tap into.

      "We are not starting afresh; the summit has provided a window
      of opportunity to fast-track information communication
      technology (ICT) development," she said.

      On computer education, Dr Muchena said the Nziramasanga
      Report on education made several recommendations geared
      towards ICT development, one of them being the incorporation
      of computer education from primary school to university
      level.

      She said the Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture had
      detailed plans on how that should be achieved and was working
      out the groundwork for implementation.

      Cde Muchena also spoke of the need to have information kiosks
      at growth points where farmers could access information on
      what type of crops to grow through programmes such as e-
      hurudza.

      "One way of fast-tracking development in the ICT sector is
      through private-public sector partnerships. We have been
      exposed to quite a number of models and are keen to involve
      the private sector through a smart partnership arrangement,"
      she said.

      The issue of what goes on on the Internet also came up for
      discussion during the summit. Developing countries are in
      favour of clauses which would highlight the need to exercise
      freedom of the media within the context of national laws, but
      developed countries were in favour of unfettered freedom.

      Deputy Minister of Information and Publicity Cde Bright
      Matonga believes there should be regulations controlling what
      is published on the web although these may vary from one
      society to the other.

      "In our case, we have rules and regulations and so do most
      African countries, and those in the Middle East and so on.
      Would we allow child pornography? In some Western countries
      it’s okay. So the issue of whatever is going onto the
      Internet has to be confined to that particular country," he
      said.

      Cde Matonga said the Internet is a security tool which should
      not be left in the hands of one country — the US — alone.

      "If they do not like you — like in our case they do not like
      our policies — they can easily switch you off. So it’s a
      security issue which is open to abuse if people do not like
      you. It (Internet governance and control) has got to be
      global," said Cde Matonga.

      So as the heads of delegations go back to their countries,
      governance and control of the now very vital information
      superhighway should not be the only issue to ponder.

      Accessibility and affordability of information technology
      tools such as computers and accessories should equally be
      important, particularly for Third World countries like
      Zimbabwe.

      President Mugabe and his delegation returned home from the
      World Summit on the Information Society yesterday and were
      received at the Harare International Airport by Vice
      President Joice Mujuru.
      Nov 2, 2015 "Assata Shakur Liberation Day" marks 36 yrs of freedom for our Comrade Assata Shakur, Our Warrior was liberated from a NJ prison by Comrades In The Black Liberation Army click here to read more or here www.assatashakur.com

    2. #2
      Sadiku's Avatar
      Sadiku is offline Truth Laser

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      At Our Zenith and Rising


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      Read both articles you posted pertaining to this. Very interesting and thorough read. It is good that we keep abreast of so much going on in the world. I can honestly say, I enjoy being on Assata Shakur Forums. It is no place like this place. This is the pinnacle of places of Black intellectual thought, communication, and dialogue in the World.
      "Life is about Death - It is a fight for survival to the very end. ." Sadiku

      "Who wants equality with murderers, thieves, rapists, cheaters, liars,
      grave robbers, baby killers, baby stealers, savages, brutes and beasts?
      Who wants equality with the devil himself?" - Sadiku

      "Who wants to integrate [into] a burning house?" - James Baldwin

      "Nobody can give you freedom. Nobody can give you equality or
      justice or anything. If you're a man, you take it." - Malcolm X

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