What caused the war?
Biafra was a secessionist Igbo majority country in what is now Southeastern Nigeria from 1967-1970. After Nigeria received its "independence" in 1960, the British government left their Muslim Northern puppets in charge. Ethno-political strife occurred for six years mainly between the Western region (Yoruba dominated), Northern region (Hausa-Fulani dominated), and Eastern region (Igbo dominated), and other 200 ETHNIC GROUPS in between. This caused a bloody 1966 coup by mainly (but not only) junior Igbo officers against the mainly Northern military and political officers. What was the result? The massacres of thousands of innocent Igbos ALLOVER THE COUNTRY throughout 1966 until the Eastern region returned escaping Igbos and declared the republic of Biafra in 1967. This led to one of Africa's bloodiest wars.
Millions of Igbo people died (mainly from starvation) as genocide was used as a tool to win the war by the Nigerian, Russian, Egyptian, British, US, and etc governments. The modern weapons, numbers, blockade, and etc gave Nigeria and European governments all the advantages against the very ill equipped and unprepared young Biafran nation in the all out war. The war should have ended within 10 days but it took 3 years to defeat the young nation which received little help from European and red cross relief agencies, South Africa, Rhodesia, and France. The gallant Igbo people bravely fought the first war against neocolonialism in Africa. As a result, Igbo people are in very bad shape and are allover the world. However, the movement for Biafra is still alive and growing as well as the Niger Delta movement and Oduduwa's peoples Congress against the Western recognized Muslim Northern oligarchy.