Kwanzaa


Dec. 26th – Jan. 1st


Started by Dr. Maulana Karenga an African American, developed this holiday based on continental African harvest festivals, where the people gather, celebrate, give thanks, honor the ancestors and recommit themselves to the community and to the work of the coming year. The 7 Principles, expressed in KiSwahili, are universal in scope and are to be lived every day of the year.
Learn more

__________________________________________________

Haiti Independence Day!

By Junior Max Destine

Independence day in Haiti is an important holiday. We celebrate it on January 1, the same day as New Year's Day.

On January 1, 1804, Haiti, located in the West Indies, made history by being the first Black Country to gain its independence.

Haiti's original name was "Ayiti, Quisqueya, Bohio." It was a name given by the original inhabitants who lived there. After Christopher Columbus discovered the Island in 1492, he named it "Hispaniola," meaning "Little Spain," in honor of the Spanish crown. The name changed to "Haiti" meaning mountainous land. It was a name given by the French settlers in the western area.


Dutty Boukman (Boukman Dutty) was a Jamaican born houngan, or vodoun priest who conducted a religious ceremony in which a freedom covenant was affirmed, this ceremony is considered a catalyst to the slave uprising that marked the beginning of the Haïtian Revolution.


Boukman was not the first to attempt a slave uprising in Saint-Domingue, as he was preceded by others, such as Padrejean in 1676, and François Mackandal in 1757. However, his large size, warrior-like appearance, and fearsome temper made him an effective leader and helped spark the Haitian Revolution.


Toussaint L'Ouverture another of Haiti's greatest heroes, led his country to victory over French general Le Clerc in a revolution of the slaves. It wasn't only Toussaint L'Ouverture that helped with the victory. There were many other generals, too.


Francois Capois was the leader of the "Bataille de vertiere." Even though they shot his hat off his head, he said, "En avant , En avant."
Many of the generals died by fighting for the independence, Most of them didn't see the first independance day.They were brave and zealous to serve their country and they hoped that one day they would be free.
When the French were in control, they had a law said that they were the only ones who could eat soup because they were in the upper class. The French used to have a custom that only they could eat soup on New Year's Day. Blacks weren't allowed.


Eventually when Haiti proclamed its independence, all Haitians started to eat soup.It was a way to demonstrate that everyone was equal. Since then we keep this custom of eating soup on Independence Day. The soup was a symbol that the French were no longer in control. People didn't like to be treated like slaves and to be told what they could and couldn't do. Cooking and eating the soup on New Year's Day is a way to celebrate freedom.
____________________________________________


Martin Luther King, Jr. Day


3rd Monday in January


__________________________________________________ _____


Black History Month


Month of February


Starting as only a week in 1926 by Carter G. Woodson, this month is for ALL people to remember the contributions of Africans and African-Americans to the world


Bob Marley Day
Annual
"Tribute to the Reggae LEGENDS"

February (days' tenative)

This year annual Bob Day will be on February 15, 2010



FOUNDER OF REGGAE MAKOSSA, World Beat center and organizer of San Diego Bob Marley Day



MAKEDA DREAD

Makeda Dread is the founder of Reggae Makossa 91X in San Diego, a reggae radio show, now celebrating 20 years of spreading the positive messages of love, world peace, and pursuit of equal rights. In addition to having the longest running reggae radio show in California, Makeda Dread is a veteran and a celebrity in the reggae industry. She has been promoting major reggae concerts and international recording artists such as Pato Banton, Big Mountain, Don Carlos, Midnite, The Marley Brothers, Barrington Levy and many others for years. Founding the first Bob Marley Birthday Celebration in 1981, she has forever set her place in reggae history.


Bob Marley Day has been annual event in San Diego for almost a quarter century and now Bob Marley Day has spread to Los Angeles, San Francisco and beyond. The San Diego Bob Marley Birthday Celebration always features the biggest and brightest stars from Jamaica, Europe, and Africa. Steel Pulse, Third World, Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, Black Uhuru, Lucky Dube, Alpha Blondy, Yellowman, and Shaggy and just a some of the artists who have perfomed for Makeda’s tribute to Brother Bob Marley. Yes that’s right Bob Marley and Makeda Dread were old friends and they worked and produced together.

Taking the message in the music further Makeda Dread also has an annual Peter Tosh Birthday Celebration every October. In 2001 the featured artists were Don Carlos, Sister Carol, and Jr. Jazz. The list is too long to mention, but Makeda has worked with just about everybody in the reggae business at one time or another.
For many, many, years Makeda Dread and the Reggae Makossa crew were playing clubs, boat cruises, and festivals getting bigger and better every year. You could say she was there from the early days of ska and rock steady. A seasoned DJ she knows how to nice-up the dance, keeping the people moving and jammin’.



Keep updated on World Beat Center Events!
WorldBeat Cultural Center - Events
__________________________________________________ _____


Big Saturday
February 20-22
About Us


The BIG Saturday Committee is an ad-hoc group of community representatives committed to making a difference in the lives, experiences, and communities that surround them.


Vision:

The BIG Saturday will exist as a FREE and innovative 24-hour Black History celebration, designed to provide the community an opportunity to collaborate and promote teaching and learning about the history of people of African descent, throughout the Diaspora. We honor those who have contributed, and continue to contribute, to the shaping of our diverse experiences in the United States.


Mission:

To provide a safe, educational, and interactive event, promoting genuine yearlong community and support for ALL participants, in the celebration of Black History.




__________________________________________________

Saviours' Day

February 26

is the annual commemoration of the Birth of Master Fard Muhammad, February 26, the Founder of the Nation of Islam.

In 2009, the Saviours' Day Convention will be held in the city of Chicago from February 27th and 28th, 2009 at the Stephens Convention Center.

The convention will culminate with the keynote address, “Accepting Responsibility to Build Our Community” by the Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan on March 1st at The Rosemont Theater.

video:
YouTube - Nations of Islam Saviour day
__________________________________________________


Heritage Day Festival Parade


February 27


The Heritage Day Festival and Parade started in 1991 with a City proclamation celebrating Heritage Month. The cultural diverse parade is scheduled for the last Saturday in February and includes a family focused "Heritage Village" with attendance over 10,000. Children are especially welcome with many free and educational activities for all cultural background


HDFP Home Page
__________________________________________________ _____



Daisy Bates Day


Third Monday of February


This day is commemorate the woman who prepared The Little Rock Nine to
walk into Central High and the history books.


__________________________________________________ _____

Black Love Day


February 13th


Founded by Ayo Kendi in 1993. During the 24 hour period one should express at least 5 loving acts.
showing love for:·
The Creator
Self
Family
Community
The Black race
Colors are purple and/or black. The kinara is lit, the Nguzo Saba are recited and discussed. Gifts, if any, are to reflect the culture, must be practical, and bought in the spirit of Kujichagulia.
__________________________________________________ _____


The Weeping Time
March 3

*On this date in 1859, "the weeping time" of slavery occurred in African American heritage. This was the largest sale of human beings in the history in the United States.

This episode took place at a racetrack in Savannah, Georgia. During the two day auction, rain fell continuously almost as though the heavens were crying. So, too, tears fell from several of the 436 men, women, and children who were auctioned off. The sale would thereafter be known as "the weeping time." The Slave-owner, Pierce Butler and his brother John, had inherited the family's Georgia plantations some twenty years earlier.

But Pierce had squandered away his portion of the inheritance, losing a rumored $700,000; and was deeply in debt. Management of Pierce Butler's estate was transferred to trustees. The trustees sold off Butler's Philadelphia mansion for $30,000 and other Butler properties. But it was not enough to satisfy creditors or ensure that Butler would continue to live in luxury. So the Georgia plantations and their "moveable" property their slaves were next.

At the time, the overall Butler family holding included 900 slaves, divided into two groups of 450. Half would go to the estate of John, who had since died and would remain on the plantations. The fate of the other 450 Pierce's half was more precarious, about 20 would continue to live on the Butler property. The remainder, were boarded onto railway cars and steamboats and brought to the Broeck racetrack, where each would be sold to the highest bidder.

There were differing viewpoints regarding the auction, Pierce Butler, and the large fortune he would gain after paying his debts. Philadelphia socialite Sidney George Fisher wrote in his diary, "It is highly honorable to [Butler] that he did all he could to prevent the sale, offering to make any personal sacrif ice to avoid it."

Of the auction, Fisher wrote: It is a dreadful affair, however, selling these hereditary Negroes. Families will not be separated, that is to say, husbands and wives, parents and young children. But brothers and sisters of mature age, parents and children of mature age, all other relations and the ties of home and long association will be violently severed. It will be a hard thing for Butler to witness and it is a monstrous thing to do. Yet it is done every day in the South. It is one among the many frightful consequences of slavery and contradicts our civilization, our Christianity, or Republicanism. Can such a system endure; is it consistent with humanity, with moral progress? These are difficult questions, and still more difficult is it to say, what can be done? The Negroes of the South must be slaves or the South will be Africanized. Slavery is better for them and for us than such a result.

Mortimer Thomson, a popular newsman of the day wrot e a lengthy, uncomplimentary article about the auction for the New York Tribune entitled "What Became of the Slaves on a Georgia Plantation." He reported how the slaves, eager to impress potential masters who they perceived as kind, would sometimes cheerfully respond to buyers "pulling their mouths open to see their teeth, pinching their limbs to find how muscular they were, walking them up and down to detect any signs of lameness, making them stoop and bend in different ways that they might be certain there was no concealed rupture or wound." Thomson also sympathized with the slaves after the sale, writing, "On the faces of all was an expression of heavy grief; some appeared to be resigned to the hard stroke of Fortune that had torn them from their homes, and were sadly trying to make the best of it; some sat brooding moodily over their sorrows, their chins resting on their hands, their eyes staring vacantly, and their bodies roc
king to and fro, with a restless motion that was nev er stilled".

The two-day sale netted $303,850, in 1859. The highest price paid for one family a mother and her five grown children was $6,180. The highest price for one individual was $1,750. The lowest price for any one slave was $250. Soon after the last slave was sold, the rain stopped. Champagne bottles popped in celebration. And Pierce Butler, once again wealthy, made a trip to southern Europe before returning home to Philadelphia.






Ancestor Honor Day


March 29th


This holiday, dedicated in 1999 commemorative holiday to honor the contributions of all non-military ancestors.
__________________________________________________ _____


Cinco De Mayo

May 5th

Cinco De Mayo signifies the victory of Mexico against the French at the battle of Puebla on May 5th 1862. This is important for Africans because France supported the Confederacy in the Civil War, and had France been victorious at the battle of Puebla, they would have MOST DEFINITELY helped the south consolidate the institution of slavery. Not to mention that there are many instances of African people who fled slavery and found shelter amoung the Mexicans in Mexico (this is were I wish I had my flier because it gives better details regarding this). African people are even documented as having participated in the battle of Puebla and having helped secure the victory on the 5th of May. Therefore, this holiday should not be viewed as a holiday "exclusive" to the Mexican people alone. This holiday is EQUALLY a time for Africans to celebrate. The victory of the Mexicans against the French was a victory for Africans fighting for their OWN freedom against the French as well. And again, this is not something we should celebrate out of an "indirect" relationship. AFRICANS "DIRECTLY" FOUGHT AGAINST THE FRENCH IN THE BATTLE OF PUEBLA AS WELL!!! So on that note...

__________________________________________________ _____


Malcolm X's Birthday


May 19th


From Detroit Red to El Hajj Malik El Shabazz, to Omowale, Malcolm X was born May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska and was assassinated February 21, 1965 in the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem. His life's story is told in the Autobiography of Malcolm X by Alex Haley. Today, Malcom X is remembered for founding the Organization of African American Unity and for his bold stance on behalf of Black people everywhere.
__________________________________________________ _____


Blackout Day


May 20th



On black people keep your money in your pocket. The power of the African- American dollar is very strong, when you refrain from spending money it sends 2 messages
1. We are not a minority






2. The Black dollar has an impact on the American economic system



Keep Your Money in Your Pocket!


__________________________________________________


African Liberation Day


May 25th


Founded in 1958 at the first Conference of Independent African States in Accra, Ghana, hosted by Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah, when independent African countries formed the Organization of African Unity in 1963, May 25th was chosen as the new date to observe liberation struggles against colonialism. It is a Pan African concern, uniting Africans on the mother continent with Africans in the Diaspora because the source of oppression is the same, racism and exploitation.
__________________________________________________ _____



Juneteenth


June 19th


The 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery throughout the country, was passed by Congress January 31, 1865 and signed Feb 1, 1865 by Lincoln. Word reached the Africans gradually from 1863 to 1865 throughout the USA, thus the differing dates of celebrations. In Texas and western Louisiana it was in 1865 on June 19th or "Juneteenth".

_______________________________________________________


Panafest

Panafest is a cultural event held in Ghana every two years for Africans and people of African descent. It was first held in 1992. The idea of this festival is to promote and enhance unity, Pan-Africanism, as well as the development of the continent of Africa itself. Activities that occur at this festival are performances and work in the areas of theatre, drama, music, and poetry, among other things. Also, there are viewing of the durbar of Chiefs, and tours are available to various places of interest, such as slave castle dungeons.

Panafest:

__________________________________________________ _____





THE NATION OF GOD’S AND EARTH’S



ANNUAL



"SHOW AND PROVE"




June (Days' tenative)



PRESENTED BY



ALLAH SCHOOL IN MECCA – STREET ACADEMY




ALLAH YOUTH CENTER IN MECCA, INC




“AN OUT REACH CENTER FOR THE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF NEIGHBORHOOD YOUTH”




video: Show & Prove

[nomedia]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLc1kHsOr8I&feature=related[/nomedia]





[nomedia]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E9atq0Lvu8g[/nomedia]



[nomedia]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t6kRxpXvxnk&feature=related[/nomedia]



[nomedia]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CDrQZhraZVs&feature=related[/nomedia]



__________________________________________________ _____




Black August









Observed in honor of freedom fighters in the Diaspora and political prisoners; during the 70's in the California prison system, the founding Brothers and Sisters wore black arm bands on their left arm; fasted from sunrise to sunset; avoid TV and radio in favor of seriously studying revolutionary works. Great emphasis is placed on discipline, resisting oppression, unity, organization, political education and physical training.
  • Haitian Rebellion :: 8/1791
  • Nat Turner Rebellion :: 8/1831
  • Underground Railroad began :: 8/1892
  • Marcus Garvey b. :: 8/1887
  • First Africans Arrived in chains :: 8/1619
  • The March on Washington :: 8/1971
  • March on Washington :: August 28th 1963
__________________________________________________ _____










Happily Natural Day



August 23th




On this day, all African – Americans refrain from the exhibition of processed hair. If the hair cannot be worn natural, it should be covered for this one day.



__________________________________________________ _____





Black Family Day



1st Sunday of October



On the first Sunday of October, the Black community will celebrate the coming together of family. We will remember the ancestors, the Bloods lost defending their own countries against colonialism, those martyred in the struggle, elders and family members present and separated by miles and/or broken relationships. It will be a day of forgiving and seeking forgiveness; contacting those we have lost touch with; celebrating accomplishments and offering encouragement where needed.



__________________________________________________ _____




UMOJA KARAMU



4th Sunday of November




In 1971, Dr. Edward Sims introduced the "Unity Feast" ritual as a way of teaching solidarity, Black values, appreciation of our heritage and knowledge of our history. The ritual is based on 5 periods of African American life, each represented by a color.




The Black Family:






Prior to Slavery (black)



In Slavery (white)



Upon Emancipation (red)



Struggle for Liberation (green)



Looking to the Future (gold)



__________________________________________________ __________________________






Nakumbuka Day Annual Ceremony




November 11



Nakumbuka is a Kiswahili word which means I remember. Nakumbuka is the name given to the annual day of observance for the Maafa (The African slavery holocaust).




Jomo Nkombe, a Tanzanian who lived in Canada, pioneered the idea of nakumbuka as a public ritual in 1990. From early youth, Nkombe was mindful of the slave trade that had been carried out from the East African Coast. On coming to North America as a student, he met Americans and West Indians of African Heritage and became drawn into the history of the transatlantic slave trade from the West African Coast.



Nakumbuka Day puts real faces to those who are often referred to as slaves. The term slave transforms human beings into objects and the purpose of this observance is to give them back their humanity and tell their stories in terms of human feelings and suffering.



Each year the program consists of readings, poetry, music, reflection, the Middle Passage line, a table of the ancestors and the main ceremony.




Participants wear white as the color of mourning, and all those who join in the Middle Passage line are led by a drum processional to the main chamber where they are greeted by sacred Afro-Brazilian music.




After the ceremony is over, participants may pay their respects to the ancestral table where individuals have donated pictures of loved one to be put on display in remembrance that we are products of the Maafa, and that what we do today reflects on the struggle, death and survival of those who came before us.



The power of Nakumbuka Day is that it requires us to remember who we are tied to in order for us to remember what we can never allow to happen again. In a world that has a short memory, Nakumbuka Day requires long reflection. We encourage those who have participated in Nakumbuka Day to come back, and those who have never participated to come out and do so. To remember our ancestors is to honor them. For more information about Nakumbuka Day, call 619-582-7149 or email dbkichwa2@cox.net. Please note the attachment on how to observe Nakumbuka Day in the home.



__________________________________________________ ___________




Ramadan




[2:185] "Ramadan is the month during which the Quran was revealed, providing guidance for the people, clear teachings, and the statute book. Those of you who witness this month shall fast therein. Those who are ill or traveling may substitute the same number of other days. GOD wishes for you convenience, not hardship, that you may fulfill your obligations, and to glorify GOD for guiding you, and to express your appreciation."






The Meaning of Ramadan





Ramadan is a special month of the year for over one billion Muslims throughout the world. It is a time for inner reflection, devotion to God, and self-control. Muslims think of it as a kind of tune-up for their spiritual lives. There are as many meanings of Ramadan as there are Muslims.





The third "pillar" or religious obligation of Islam (submission in English), fasting has many special benefits. Among these, the most important is that it is a means of learning self-control. Due to the lack of preoccupation with the satisfaction of bodily appetites during the daylight hours of fasting, a measure of ascendancy is given to one's spiritual nature, which becomes a means of coming closer to God. Ramadan is also a time of intensive worship, reading of the Quran, giving charity, purifying one's behavior, and doing good deeds. For Muslims (Submitters), Ramadan is an opportunity to gain by giving up, to prosper by going without and to grow stronger by enduring weakness.





As a secondary goal, fasting is a way of experiencing hunger and developing sympathy for the less fortunate, and learning to thankfulness and appreciation for all of God's bounties. Fasting is also beneficial to the health and provides a break in the cycle of rigid habits or overindulgence.





Who Fasts in Ramadan?





Fasting in Ramadan is obligatory on those who can do it.





Sick people and some travelers in certain conditions are exempted from the fast but must make it up as they are able.






From Dawn to Sunset





The daily period of fasting starts at the breaking of dawn and ends at the setting of the sun. In between -- that is, during the dawn and daylight hours -- Muslims (Submitters) totally abstain from food, drink, smoking, and sex. The usual practice is to have a pre-fast meal (suhoor) before dawn and a post-fast meal (iftar) after sunset.





The Islamic lunar calendar, being 11 to 12 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar, migrates throughout the seasons. Thus, if Ramadan begins on January 20 one year, next year it will begin on January 9. In this way, the length of the day, and thus the fasting period, varies in length from place to place over the years. Every Muslim, no matter where he or she lives, will see an average Ramadan day of the approximately 13.5 hours.






Devotion to God





The last ten days of Ramadan are a time of special spiritual power as everyone tries to come closer to God through devotions and good deeds. The night on which the Quran was revealed to the Prophet, known as the Night of Power (Lailat ul-Qadr), is generally taken to be the 27th night of the month. The Quran states that this night is better than a thousand months. Therefore many Muslims (Submitters) spend the entire night in prayer.





During the month, Muslims (Submitters) try to read as much of the Quran as they can. Some spend part of their day listening to the recitation of the Quran in a mosque. meet for Quranic studies or for congregation prayers. Some spend the last ten days of Ramadan in a mosque devoting the whole ten days for worshipping God.




Peace be upon you
















The Weeping Time