1635 - America's first public school, the Boston Latin School, opened in Boston. Black students were excluded from attending.
1882 - Henry Highland Garnet, abolitionist, preacher, diplomat and
protest leader, joins the ancestors in Monrovia, Liberia at
the age of 66.
1907 - Wendell P. Dabney establishes "The Union." The Cincinnati,
Ohio paper's motto is "For no people can become great without being united, for in union, there is strength."
1920 - The National Association of Professional Baseball Clubs is
founded by Andrew "Rube" Foster. They will be called the
Negro National League. It will become the first successful
African American professional baseball league. Two other
leagues had previously been started, but failed to last more
than one season.
1923 - The first African American professional basketball team "The Renaissance" is organized by Robert J. Douglas. It is named
after its home court, the Renaissance Casino. They will
play from 1923 to 1939 and have a record of 1,588 wins
against 239 losses. They will become the first African
American team in the Basketball Hall of Fame.
1957 - The Southern Leadership Conference is founded at a meeting of ministers in New Orleans, Louisiana. Martin Luther King, Jr. is elected its first president. Later in the year its name
will be changed to the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
1973 - Gertrude E. Downing and William Desjardin Corner Cleaner Attachment, Patent No. 3,715,772 on February 13, 1973
1976 - General Murtala Mohammed, head of Nigeria, who came to power in 1975 after General Gowon is ousted, joins the ancestors
after being killed in an unsuccessful counter-coup. His
chief of staff, General Olusegun Obasanjo, will assume
Mohammed's post and his promise to hand over political power to civilian rule.
1996 - Minister Louis Farrakhan, of the Nation of Islam, visits Iran
to celebrate its 1979 revolution ousting the Shah.